|October 10, 2006 || |
Prof. Dr. Rati Ram Sharma on 2006 Nobel Physics Prize
The Nobel Prize in Physics for 2006 has been awarded for supporting the Big Bang Theory of Expanding Universe, which is unproven & improvable.
My theory of Non Expanding Universe as a part of the larger Unified Physical Theory (UPT) first published as a book (COSMO Publications, New Delhi) with the same title in 1990 when I was the Professor & Head of the Biophysics Department at the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh explains and is supported by actual observations but disproves the Big Bang theory of expanding universe, whose support by Americans John C. Mather (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md.) and George F. Smoot (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Calif.) has won the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics on Tuesday the 3rd October, 2006.
The work of the two laureates is based on the measurements done with the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) satellite launched by NASA in 1989 to study the “blackbody radiation,” cosmic background stemming from the “big bang” explosion, which is believed to have created the universe ‘out of nothing’ as a tiny dot some 15 million years ago. It has since been rapidly expanding and has cooled from its initial fiery state to 2.7 degrees above absolute zero, which is 273 degrees centigrade below the ice point at zero degree centigrade.
Alfred Nobel, the wealthy Swedish inventor of dynamite who endowed the prizes, left only vague guidelines for the Selection Committees. That is probably why Per Carlson. Chairman of the Nobel Committee for Physics reportedly said “They have not proven the big bang theory but gave it very strong support.” The inter-galactic distances, the receding velocities of galaxies and the cosmological red shifts should all increase exponentially with time in the universe expanding as in the Big Bang or the Steady State theory, but should remain unchanged in the UPT’s Non Expanding Universe. Since the individual red shifts have not been found increasing exponentially with time, galaxies are not flying away to generate an expansion of the universe in accord with the Big Bang or Steady State theories, which therefore are unproved and improvable. The Nobel prize has therefore been given for not proving but only for supporting the unproven and improvable Big Bang theory.
In 1955, Arno A. Penzias and Robert W. Wilson of the Bell Laboratories established that a microwave cosmic radiation at about 7 cm wavelength baths the earth almost uniformly from all directions. The 2006 Physics Nobel is awarded for the study of this background radiation. Big Bang theory explains it as a remnant of the isotropic early era of “hot” radiation, but does not clarify as to how the “big” explosion could be so symmetrical as to impart isotropy to this radiation around the earth. In fact, it should have left significant turbulences and anisotropies, which are not now actually traceable. No evidence of the site of the big explosion is discernible. The Steady State theory of expanding universe has no hot era, hence no explanation of the cosmic background, leave aside its isotropy. In UPT, however, the existence as well as isotropy of the background cosmic radiation is very natural expectation because it is a residue of the isotropic evolutionary process with a cool beginning. But minor directional differences in the cosmic background are not ruled out, which in fact are being actually observed.
Astronomer Edwin Hubble in 1920s was the first to observe that the spectral lines in the light from distant galaxies are shifted towards the red end of the visible spectrum with an increment of their wavelength. Hubble attributed this red shift to the Doppler effect due to recession of galaxies. But in UPT's Non Expanding Universe the red shift is caused by the depletion of spectral photon energy due to non-Doppler effects of viscous, gravitational and electromagnetic losses during the long passage through the ‘sharmon medium’ filling the space.
Abbe Georges Edouard Lemaitre during 1920s developed the hypothesis that the interpretation of the cosmological red shift as optical Doppler effect suggests an expanding universe, which began with a violent explosion or a “Big Bang” of the extremely dense and intensely hot substance.
According to Hubble's law, every receding galaxy moves increasingly faster as it goes farther away. When it crosses the cosmological horizon, two billion light years away, it would disappear since no signal from it can move faster than light to ever reach us. So the observable universe would eventually end up as an empty space. To save the situation the Theory of Steady State Universe has been proposed. The universe looked in the past and will in future be looking the same all round as it looks now. It did not have a big bang like singular beginning and will not have a singular end. The galaxies disappearing beyond the cosmic horizon are compensated by newly created ones to keep the scenario steady.
The Big Bang theory envisages creation of the entire matter in the whole of universe in a single “big bang” and in Steady State model there is a continuous creation of matter all round. But to the most vital question: “Where does the newly created matter come from?” Hoyle in his book “The Nature of the Universe” (Harper & Bros, New York, 1950) replies: “It does not come from any where. Material simply appears; it is created.“ Creation of matter from nothing in the theories of expanding universe follows from the Quantum Theory’s Uncertainty Principle, which UPT disapproves. UPT has no creation of matter from nothing and in its Non Expanding Universe the matter of the entire universe is eternally conserved.
In the relativistic Big Bang theory as developed by Friedmann, Einstein, De Sitter & Gamow, the expansion rate of the universe due to gravitational force should gradually slow down over time and stop eventually at infinite time. But the observations on some supernovae in 1997 & 1998 suggested that the expansion rate, during the past few billion years, has not only slowed down too little for the gravity to ever stop it but something is nudging the expansion along, which is evidence for an incomprehensible gravity like antigravity universal repulsive force permeating space. It is a “horrible” indication because as a consequence of the continued expansion the universe would/should gradually become more and more tenuous with time eventually ending up as an empty space. For UPT ’s theory of non-expanding & non-contracting universe, consistent with the 1997 & 1998 observations, the red shift does not or need not gradually decrease to become zero at infinite time.
Thus UPT’s theory of Non Expanding Universe explains and is consistent with all the observations whereas the Big Bang and Steady State theories of expanding universe are inconsistent with actual observations. The 2006 Nobel Prize has gone for the support of the unproven and improvable Big Bang theory of expanding universe
I am a past President of the Indian Academy of Medical Physics and Chairman, Society of Nuclear Medicine (India). I received the 1989 Albert Schweitzer Prize and in 1996 was nominated for a Nobel Prize in Medicine. On 4 November 1990 in an interview with PTI, I with my Unified Physical Theory already published January 1990, had contested the claims of the winners of the 1990 Nobel Physics prize, Prof. Jernome I. Friedman, Prof. Henry W. Kendall and Richard E. Taylor, to have revealed quarks as the non-composite basic constituents of matter. In UPT the negative "negatrino" and positive "positrino" are the most basic elementary particles, which compose even the quarks, photon, electron, proton, neutron etc. and all forms of energy and mass in the Cosmos, and hence are called ‘cosminos’. These also constitute the new particle "sharmon", named after the author (Sharma), which composes the space filling real ‘sharmon medium’, to propagate light wave. Thus predicted compositeness of quarks got confirmed in early 1991 itself by their compressibility observed in the measurement of the electric & magnetic polarizabilities of proton & neutron and later in 1995 & 1996 by the transient creation of some quarks & leptons from the cosminos & sharmons composing the kinetic energy of colliding protons and antiprotons. My Unified Physical Theory was updated in the 2002-book “Realistic Foundations of Physics & Cosmology” (Abhishek Publications, Chandigarh).
Amazingly on 10th June 2004 the UN General Assembly declared 2005 as the Year of Physics to commemorate Albert Einstein’s 1905 papers on the photoelectric effect introducing the concept of photon, Brownian motion and the theory of special relativity. But my forthcoming book on UPT “Upgraded & Enlarged Unified Physical Theory, A Realistic Theory of Every Thing” re-emphasizes that a wave can exist only in its propagating medium and therefore the ‘Einstein model’ that replaces the real light propagating space medium with non-existent mathematical 4-D ‘spacetime’ and makes photon massless and electron, proton & neutron as sizeless point particles, is unrealistic and untenable! The freely moving photon which explained the photoelectric effect to win the 1921 Physics Nobel for Einstein could not avoid sharing the source-observer motion disallowed by relativity. The space and time are not substantive entities but mere concepts evolving respectively from the lifelong perceptions of ‘there, here, there’ and ‘then, now, then’ arising from the motions and changes in the surrounding objects and therefore cannot fuse into any concrete spacetime continuum. The ‘arrow of time’ moves only forward due to irreversibility of the basic natural processes. Relativity and other theories based on multidimensional spacetime continua are therefore unrealistic. UPT derives the Einstein formula for bending of light in a gravitational field exactly from the real sharmon medium. The UPT also explains the observed variability of light velocity, which invalidates relativity theories.
The book cautions also those studying the gravitation-related curvature of space with the help of Gravity Probe-B launched on 21 April 2004. There is no curvature of the non-existent 4-D spacetime. The UPT’s real sharmon medium can explain all what relativity ascribes to the unrealistic 4-D spacetime.
This latest book on upgraded & enlarged UPT presents a new theory of Physics with only two elements (negatrino & positrino), two charges (gravitational (mass), electric), and two basic forces/fields (electromagnetic, gravitational) and much more.
Prof. Dr. Rati Ram Sharma,
DSc, PhD(London), MD(MA), MSc, MAMS, FIAMP
Retd. Professor & Head,Dept of Biophysics c Nuclear Medicine, Postgraduate Inst. of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India.
Present residence & mailing address: 615, Sector 10, Panchkula-134113, Haryana, India.
Phone: 0091-172-2563949; email@example.com ; http://www.geocities.com/drratiram_sharma/ ; www.sharma.newtheory.org .
Post Script: The above press statement was followed by Interviews published in News Papers available also on the internet.
The Hindustan Times (Basis of Physics Nobel Contested, HT Chandigarh LIVE, Tuesday, October 17, 2006, page 4 top, columns 1-5), The Tribune ( Former Prof of PGI Challenges Theories of Formation of Universe, Chandigarh Tribune, Sunday, October 29, 2006, page 5 top, columns 3-6).